This study examines the sensitivity of maize and sorghum crops to global warming in Botswana, a country with arid climatic conditions and shortfalls in locally produced grain. Rain clouds over Serowe (January 2019) Botswana is semi-arid, due to the short rain season. Excluding the uptake of carbon dioxide through tree growth in Botswana, the climate-changing effect of the emissions are 52% due to carbon dioxide, 33% due to methane and 16% due to nitrous oxide, and the sum is equivalent to about 0.02% of the global anthropogenic emission (IPCC, 1995). Botswana Introduction The main premise of the human development approach is that expanding peoples’ freedoms is both the ... and impact of climate change or the direction of technology, both of which will shape inequalities over the next few decades. Introduction Climate change is predicted to have a strong influence on human health with the most vulnerable communities being those living in poverty and having the lowest capacity to adapt [1]. Climate Change: The decline in rainfall and rise in . The process will reportedly be highly consultative, with the participation of rural inhabitants. 4 0 obj PDF | On Dec 10, 2017, Oladayo Awojobi published THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN AFRICA: A REVIEW OF THE SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate endobj Climate change is an effect of unsustainable development pathways practised since the industrial revolution. Largely based on our attractive nature and wildlife abundance, the sector is at risk because of shifting ecosystems, changing water regimes and species migration due to the effects of climate change. According to the 2006 Stern Review, developing countries are geographically vulnerable, located where climate change is likely to have the most damaging impacts and are least likely to have the capacity to adapt to these changes due to underdevelopment, poverty and other challenges. Including the pros and cons of the dry and wet seasons! 2 0 obj To assist countries in developing and transforming agricultural systems that both limit their impact on and are resilient to climate change, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) mobilizes support in promoting Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) around the world. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Botswana Agriculture Sector Policy Brief 2012 5 extreme weather events is a unique challenge to the agriculture sector as it puts to test many of the systems that have been in place over decades. framework of emerging climate change risks would bolster resilient development in the face of projected impacts of climate change. Learn about our remote access options, Department of Environmental Science, University of Botswana, Bostwana, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Griffith University, Australia, CSIRO Climate Adaptation Flagship, Australia, The Grantham Institute for Climate Change and Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, UK. Climate change may influence the integrity and reliability of pipelines and electricity grids (medium evidence, medium agreement). Hundreds of plant and animal species have already experienced changes because of climate change. For two weeks in May, we traveled across three-quarters of Zimbabwe, researching how climate change is affecting the country. Changes in rainfall are also projected to shift. This page is meant to create awareness about climate change in Botswana (effects of climate change and mitigation and adaptation strategies) Acting to curb climate change is affordable, particularly if we act now, click to see how. The vulnerability of the maize and sorghum crops to climate change were studied using crop simulation models while climate change scenarios were generated from Global Circulation Models. Some African countries have and will confront risks from Climate chart & month by month description of the weather and climate in Botswana. Description of the Project Environment and Location The project site is situated where the borders of 4 countries meet, namely Zambia, Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe. %���� The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. This page is meant to create awareness about climate change in Botswana (effects of climate change and mitigation and adaptation strategies) x��\ms�8�����|��b�x��T�w��dr{����n>d�#�6+����d�G��lw� ����f*�L6@���F���զ���E�^��|ն�ⱺc�. For some living in Zimbabwe, there’s been one shock after another. <> 169 likes. Tuned to the needs of each place. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. The process of building adaptive capacity can be realised through a deliberate effort to establish competitive production systems in the country on the basis of the strengths of each region and inter‐eco‐region trade promoted to meet food security and overall human well‐being, while limiting environmental degradation. {�"PrV�(Ux< a Climate change is so powerful that in recent months it has affected the electricity supply, too. The country is remote from moisture-laden air flows for most of the year. Climate change is an effect of unsustainable development pathways practised since the industrial revolution. our resources may be affected by climate change. Botswana's climate is semi-arid. sustainability and track changes occurring in destinations over time •Collective of 45 criteria with 122 corresponding indicators organized around four key pillars of sustainability: –Sustainable destination management issues –Social and economic issues –Community and cultural heritage issues –Environmental Issues One global standard. Namibia would warm by 2.7°C. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Climate Change in Botswana. Though it is hot and dry for much of the year, there is a rainy season, which runs through the summer months. Botswana is formed by three eco‐regions: the Hardveld, Sandveld and Wetlands. Paris agreement on climate change and Botswana’s Vision 2036: an examination of linkages. Article Download PDF View Record in Scopus Google Scholar. Climate change impacts on water resources will have ... B.P. c�H����H�6_�c|�ȣd�/��l�r����S�|�j����k_�w�z`�ju��znA���k��LeQ���F&�I0�D�c������5�\ζ����\�/�ds�n�����4��9�j���v~���%�����eMD%�CJv��?�_�b�jU.�����R!OcU�a+����^���!ˣ�`i�*� �I��m����zMM!h���A/�x垒R%Q��k1��l�X��r|�9�`� Ǐ���ݮ4�U[BoP�w��lv�`Y֨ҧ����G�H�z@. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. to climate change. These options are described for each eco‐region in the chapter. Without urgent and determined action, the effects of climate change will intensify, spread and become more destructive. At 2.0°C global warming, Botswana would experience warming of 2.8°C. endobj 64-71 . Current global funding for adaptation is a fraction of this figure and access to these funds for developing countries is often lengthy and complex. 5 This corresponds to 0.2–0.8 per cent of global investment flows, or just 0.06–0.21 per cent of projected global GDP, in 2030. This pattern of change continues in December, with typical temperatures between 20°C/69°F in the morning and 33°C/91°F in the afternoon. On the 3rd of March 2017, Zambia launched its long-awaited National Climate Change Policy aimed at stemming the impact of climate change and subsequent reduction of the country’s annual economic growth due to crop failure and the impact of climate change on energy production. In 2013, Botswana initiated the development of a National Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan. 1 0 obj 189 likes. 4. Future climate change will continue to affect people, economies, and the environment differently in different places on the continent. Framework Convention on Climate Change; and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) were also outlined. The work of the Environment and Climate Change Portfolio is focused on supporting the Government of Botswana to realize its national priorities in environmental management focusing on managing the trade-off between income generation and environmental sustainability. However, the relatively high altitude of the country and its continental situation gives it a subtropical climate. Professor Norris was welcoming delegates of the IPCC 4th Lead Author Meeting (LAM4) at the University of Botswana Conference Centre on April 9, 2018. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118529577.ch20. Climate change is already affecting lives and livelihoods everywhere. The Botswana tourism sector is a case in point. This chapter presents a framework for a sustainable development pathway for Botswana that will address development challenges, climate change adaptation and mitigation. Climate change financial risks include the physical risks which cause direct damage to assets or property as a result of rising global temperatures, as well as tran sition risks which arise from the transition to a low-carbon economy. stream In summer, which lasts from October to March, temperatures rise to about 93 °F (34 °C) in the extreme north and southwest, the warmest parts of the country. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. But we cannot be complacent. Climate change:Climate change will add to existing stresses in Botswana including the above mentioned issues particularly related to water scarcity and land degradation (increased erosion from over grazing or intense occasional rains), affecting health and food production. 2050 in the face of climate change. The American pika, for example, is a small mammal that lives in cool mountainous areas in western North America—in fact, it can die when exposed to temperatures warmer than 78˚F.So as the mountain climate heats up, the pika climbs the slopes in search of cooler habitat. Parida, D.B. Botswana - Botswana - Climate: The annual climate ranges from months of dry temperate weather during winter to humid subtropical weather interspersed with drier periods of hot weather during summer. endobj A climate change policy will be developed first, followed by the strategy. {22.3.2.2, 22.3.3} Climate change will interact with non-climate drivers and stressors to exacerbate vulnerability of agricultural systems, particu larly … Impacts of climate change permeate all geographical and socioeconomic scales affecting most developing countries. The support provided by governments and institutions, as well as through contributions 5R��Q>JlR@9e!x� t6��d���ئz���/� |�I~�� JS�QND����&��"��TwJF Climate Change in Botswana. MoalafhiThe value of large scale climate variables in climate change assessment – the case of Botswana’s rainfall. Pipelines and electric transmission lines have been designed and operated for more than a century in diverse and often extreme climatic conditions on land from hot deserts to permafrost areas and increasingly at sea. <> to the impacts of climate change, is under-researched on physical climate change, especially on the evo-lution of climate extremes. A recent study ranked Botswana among the top few countries in Africa in terms of national mean temperature and pre-cipitation changes as global temperature rises to 1.5 Cand2.0C(Zarouget al 2018). Conservation and Tourism, the National Climate Change Committee in the Department of Meteorological Services and the Botswana Global Environmental Change Committee at the University of Botswana, Botswana; and the government of the Republic of Korea. GSTC’S EARLY <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R 44 0 R 45 0 R 46 0 R 47 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> ?6�^~���.ߗ��l�fuuŮ_߰?�?Kd�'���DE <>>> %PDF-1.5 Learn more. 3 0 obj Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. It aims to Africa will be hardest hit by climate change, but has contributed the least to causing that change. Kruger, 2006. Botswana; pathogen transmission; passive surveillance 1. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 50 (52) (2012), pp. And there’s a reason why. Botswana is developing a Climate Change Policy and Institutional Framework which will be supported by a Strategy and Action Plan to operationalize the Policy (to be approved in 2016). The future of inequalities in human development in the 21st century is, thus, in our hands. Botswana ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change on 11 November 2016. Impacts of climate change permeate all geographical and socioeconomic scales affecting most developing countries. Working off-campus? ~�I$gYRD�`����.�=�U�^7���ϠPer)�Te2�㲈x a recurring feature of Botswana’s climate, and desertifi-cation is a national concern. At 1.5°C of global warming, Botswana would receive 5 percent less annual rainfall, and Namibia 4 percent less. Rainfall tends to be erratic, unpredictable and highly regional. 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