H. HAFTOM *1, A. HAFTU. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Addis Abeba. 2008) and agroclimatic zonation, The changing face of agroecosystem characterization: Models and spatial data, the basis for robust agroecosystem characterization. Climate change and livestock production in Ethiopia 2.1 Climatic feature Ethiopia is located between 30 N - 150 N and 330 E - 480 E. Ethiopia’s climate is typically tropical in the south‐eastern and north‐eastern lowland regions, but much cooler in the large central highland regions … SIF was positively correlated with solar radiation in the humid regions, while no significant correlations were found between EVI and solar radiation. It is temperate on the plateau and hot in the lowlands. Oromia has also abundant livestock than any regions in Ethiopia including camels. traditional agro-clim atic zones. Official name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Capital: Addis Ababa: Area: total: 1,127,127 sq km water: 7,444 sq km land: 1,119,683 sq km: Climate: In this paper, the forward link of a multi-cell CDMA system employing the two-level scheme is presented and analyzed. The single crop of irrigated and rain-fed croplands showed high land suitability towards agroforestry. 2008;Trabucco et al. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is Cwb. Addis Abeba climate summary The Addis Abeba lies on 2350m above sea level In Addis Abeba, the climate is warm and temperate. In winter, there is much less rainfall in Debre Zeit than in summer. The tree dominance/hotspot analyses in the agriculture land were found notably high in the multiple farming components such as home gardens. N. Middle fen and D.S.G. The future climate data analysis showed a significant change in the distribution of temperature and precipitation that will influence future farming practices in South Asia. Most of Ethiopia’s cities and general population are located in this particular climate zone. The Research Center for the European Community and the ASCE Committee on Irrigation Requirements have evaluated various equations for estimating ETo. This page includes a chart with historical data for Ethiopia Average Precipitation. Ethiopia > Maps. equation is recommended for general use. The first of these – Dega – refers to coldish, less than temperate zones with altitudes ranging between 2,600 and 3,200m. load exceeds the capacity in Liaoning coastal economic zone, and existing development model is not sustainable. Throughout the year, temperatures drop quickly once the sun goes down, and frosty mornings are common.  The exact number of zones is unclear, as the names and number of zones given in documents by Ethiopia's Central Statistical Agency differ between 2005 and 2007. In arid and semi-arid regions where both the amount and frequency of rainfall occurrence is low, it is essential to take into account the unique rainfall characteristics in such regions. However, dry lowland savannas and deserts surround this moist highland area. Assessing how climate factors regulate the interannual variability (IAV) of ecosystem productivity globally is crucial for understanding the ecosystem-climate interactions and carbon-climate feedbacks under a changing climate. Such a parameter (aridity map: Fig. A radical reanalysis of mammal distributions by Charles H. Smith, however, has concluded that the Mediterranean region, including both its southern and… For the crop suitability zoning, the concept of growing period was introduced into the traditional approach, to produce agro-climatic zones. The agro-climatic resources of Giba catchment in northern Ethiopia were assessed and characterized. Lega Dembi in Guji Zone, owned by Midroc has exported more than 5000 kilograms of gold followed by Tulu Kapi in Wollaga. Awoday in Hararghe is the biggest market of khat exporting to Djibouti and Somalia. This zone affects all locations in the country that are between 1500 to 2500 meters above sea level. The regions of Ethiopia are administratively divided into 68 or more zones (Amharic: ዞን, zonə). Natural Resources Management & Regulatory Department. World The comparison between SIF and EVI also highlighted the biome-specific (depending on the tree cover) responses of ecosystem productivity to solar radiation under water stress. Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Region, List of administrative divisions by country, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_zones_of_Ethiopia&oldid=992063046, Second-level administrative country subdivisions, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Semien Bete-Amhara(Wollo) Zone / North bete-Amhara Zone, Debub bete-Amhara(Wollo) Zone / South Bete-Amhara zone, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 08:09. Overall, the results of the present paper testify the good performances of bench terraces in Northern Ethiopia in terms of soil water conservation, and can represent a benchmark study informing future terracing implementation in some arid and semi-arid agricultural areas of the world. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Heavy rain falls in these three months. Since high soil disturbance induces low soil aggregates stability, this result shows how low soil disturbance can significantly increase SWC of radical terraces. We also examined how the results derived from SIF differed from those based on a satellite-derived measure of vegetation greenness and productivity - the enhanced vegetation index (EVI) derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). 1, K. GOITOM 1 and H. MESERET 2. Decision Tree Classifier (DTC) embedded in ENVI image processing software was used for agroclimatic zonation of Uttarakhand by considering climatic parameters of annual average temperature and precipitation. During the process of zonation, the temperature map of Uttarakhand was divided into four thermal regimes 1) <0°C, 2) 0°C - 10°C, 3) 10°C - 20°C and 4) >20°C, thereafter, boundaries of the precipitation distribution (in three regimes 1) < 800 mm, 2) 800-1400 mm, and 3) > 1400 mm) in the state have been overlaid on temperature regimes, which divided entire state of Uttarakhand into twelve Agro-climatic zones. The present paper analyses SWC variations in four newly implemented terraced sites in Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Thomas, Edward Arnold, London. 1. The capital of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, is located at an elevation of 7,726 feet, and as such its climate remains relatively cool throughout the year. (1995). Atlas of Desertification. The analysis clearly shows that the advent of big data, remote sensing and GIS provide insights into the agroforestry interventions and scaling which further helps in building resilient landscapes for sustainable agri-food systems, livelihoods, safeguarding the environmental security and supporting some of the important sustainable development goals (SDGs). Ethiopia has a diverse range of agricultural production systems. They live their traditional lifestyle and seem to be content to stay away from the world at large. Bibliographic information. The traditional zones include Bereha, Kolla, Woina Dega, Dega,Wurch and Kur where many kinds of crops are grown in each of these ecological zones. In arid areas prone to desertification and soil erosion, the effectiveness of radical bench terracing in reducing drought risk is dependent on its correct implementation. Precipitation in Ethiopia averaged 68.03 mm from 1901 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 419.92 mm in August of 1950 and a record low of 0.05 mm in January of 1923. The highest peak in Ethiopia is Ras Dashen (4533 m a.s.l), where an alpine climate near 0°C persists all year round, sometimes even with a snow cover lasting a couple of days (Hurni and Ludi, 1998). The Ethiopian traditional method of climate classification based on temperature and altitude was found to be less relevant to crop suitability zoning in semi-arid regions of Northern Ethiopia because within this semi-arid drought-prone environment the rainfall is more important for crop growth than temperature. However, relief plays a significant role in moderating temperature, so higher elevations experience weather typical of temperate zones. The exact number of zones is unclear, as the names and number of zones given in documents by Ethiopia's Central Statistical Agency differ between 2005 and 2007. In order to plan effective agricultural and water resource projects, it is necessary to understand the spatial and temporal vari-ability of rainfall. United Nations Environment Programee (UNEP) (1992). LUPRD, Agroecology Section, Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, Even in the hottest months (March to May), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius). Genre Maps. It has been found that both annual and monthly rainfall at different stations was described by different probability distributions. Moreover, spatial patterns of Soil Water Content (SWC) within the same terraced hillslope are weakly studied. In this study, rainfall data of the past 50 years was used to study the basic statistical characteristics of the rainfall of this region. Dinku, T., Block, P., Sharoff, J., Hailemariam, K., Osgood, D., del Agroecological Belts of Ethiopia Explanatory notes on three maps at a scale of 1:1,000,000 Key Words: Agroecology, agroclimatology, belts, major zones, traditional altitudinal belts, GIS, digital elevation modelling, field mapping Th this end, an attempt has been made in this study to delineate different agroclimatic zones of Ethiopia. Ethiopia is an ecologically diverse country; you can therefore expect several climate zones ranging from tropical savanna in the west to warm desert climate in the east. AGROCLIMATIC ZONES OF ETHIOPIA As the climate is rather complex, it has been the topic of many studies and several classification systems have been applied to the Ethiopian situation. By adopting the two-level scheme, the generalized orthogonal(GO) zone of GO codes can be utilized. The line between the Afrotropical, or Ethiopian, region and the Holarctic is generally drawn somewhere across the Sahara desert (Figure 2). An Agro-ecological Zone is a land resource mapping unit, defined in terms of climate, landform and soils, and/or land cover, and having a specific range of potentials and constraints for land use. The LGP ranges from 60 to 100 days over the catchment, increasing from north-east to south-west. A Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) analysis highlighted significant dependency of SWC from the date of analysis, the position in the terraced slope, and its significant positive correlation with the percent of Water Stable Aggregates (WSA) analyzed at the study sites. In the agro-ecological zones, small-scale subsistence farming is widely practiced in the highlands and livestock keeping in the lowlands. Kiremt or Meher (Summer) - June, July and August are the summer season. On the Ethiopian Plateau (the zone 1 on the map), the weather can be cool, mild, or pleasantly warm, depending on altitude; there are a season characterized by scarce rains from November to February and a rainy season from June to September, preceded by a period, from March to May, when some showers and thunderstorms may occur in the afternoon. The cactus plants grow in the highland areas. The flora of Ethiopia consists of many types of vegetation, flowers, and plants. The agroforestry suitability and tree cover mapping results/analysis will assist crucially the agroforestry policymakers/planners in the various South Asian countries to implement and extend it to the new area. Traditional Climatic zones and their physical characteristics 2. Heavier rainfall events are infrequent but they make up a significant percentage of the total rainfall. Ethiopia has extremely variable agro-climatic conditions and major ecological systems that are suitable for diverse genetic resources. Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopian Seasons. Ethiopia‟s National Adaptation Plan (NAP-ETH) builds on ongoing efforts to address climate change in the country‟s development policy framework, including the Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) strategy and the second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II), as well as sectoral climate resilience strategies and regional and Values of reference evapotranspiration (ETo) are used with crop coefficients (KC) for many aspects of irrigation and water resources planning and management. The average annual temperature in Addis Abeba is … However, our understanding of global climatic controls on the IAV of ecosystem productivity has been limited by the lack of direct measurements of ecosystem productivity at the global scale. The zones are listed below, by region. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The country lies wholly within the tropics, but its nearness to the equator is counterbalanced by the elevation of the land. The results reveal that the two-level CDMA systems introduced in this paper exhibit larger performance gain when time delay can be restricted within a given zone. Precipitation in Ethiopia decreased to 16.32 mm in December from 41.93 mm in November of 2015. Various maps give different zone names and boundaries. Bridging critical gaps in climate services and applications The objectives were (i) to ascertain the suitability of the climate for growing teff (Eragrostis tef) and barley (Hordeum vulgare); (ii) to determine the onset and length of the growing period (LGP), (iii) to evaluate the traditional method of climate classification, and (iv) to produce comprehensive agro-climatic zones of the Giba catchment. Earth Persp.,1: pp 15. Estimated values vary widely due to the lack of standardization of the reference. The method requires limited input data and is simple in its use. An Agro-ecological Cell (AEC) is defined by a unique combination of landform, soil and climatic characterist. ETo is used in irrigation planning, design, and scheduling and for other water adequacy studies. There is high variation of rainfall pattern among the stations. The climatic data of 32 stations of Uttarkahand and adjoining region were collected and the thematic layers of climatic parameters, annual average temperature and precipitation were generated using the spatial analyst Extension of ARC-View. Publication date 2001 Map Data Scale 1:2,000,000. Due to variation in the references used, some international organizations now wish to promote the use of a single equation or method to avoid the confusion caused by the current diversity. ( 25 degrees Celsius ) into three main climatic zones: Dega, Weyna Dega Kolla... 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